The Bulgarian Composer Pancho Vladigerov – Psychological Origin of His Creative Personality

e77453c239fc55e5fe7247ca7c9f56e7Authors: Krasimira Georgieva Fileva-Ruseva

Abstract: Pancho Vladigerov (1899-1978) is one of the most prominent Bulgarian composers. He has created 70 opuses of works with high aesthetic value and in a very extended range of genres. His works are performed all over the world, and every Bulgarian pianist has experienced his piano opuses. In the present study, I reveal the psychological prerequisites for his creative personality in the following order: typological characterization – evidence to classify the composer in a certain type, derived from his everyday life, from his performer’s and pedagogical work and backed up by statements of his relatives, students and critics – the influence of the stated typological characterization on his artistic handwriting.

Keywords: Composer, Work, Opus, Pancho Vladigerov, Bulgarian Music

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Introduction

Pancho Vladigerov (1899-1978) is one of the most prominent Bulgarian composers. He has created 70 opuses of compositions with high aesthetic value and in a very extended range of genres (among his works are: five concertos for piano and orchestra, two concertos for violin and orchestra; Concerto Fantasy for Violoncello and Orchestra, op. 35; the ballet “Legend of the Lake”; the opera “Tzar Kaloyan”, “Symphonic Legend for Large Orchestra”, op. 8, Symphony № 1, op. 33; Symphony № 2, “May symphony for String Orchestra”, op. 44; the Heroic overture “The Ninth of September” for large orchestra, op. 45; the concert overture “Earth”, op. 27; “Jewish Poem”, op. 47; the dramatic poem “Song for Peace” for symphonic orchestra, op. 52; the symphonic suite for large orchestra “Lyulin Impressions”, op. 63; orchestra suites, theatre music, works for chamber ensembles, solo opuses). Vladigerov is one of the founders of the Bulgarian national musical style and the native school of composers; a virtuoso pianist and conductor, who performed on stage in many European countries and left a significant trace in the cultural life of several European capitals. His works are performed all over the world, and every Bulgarian pianist has experienced his piano opuses. In the present study, I reveal the psychological prerequisites for his creative personality in the following order: typological characterization – evidence to classify the composer in a certain type, derived from his everyday life, from his performer’s and pedagogical activity and backed up by statements of his relatives, students and critics – the influence of the stated typological characterization on his artistic handwriting. Admittedly, I do not deny that artistic preferences have a very important and irrevocable role in the formation of an author’s style, but for the formation of the specific aesthetic inclinations and preferences, apart from social conditions, which are not the subject of the present study, the psychological characteristics of the creator are also of importance.

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